Spider silk is a sought after biomaterial, also known as gossamer. It is a protein fiber prepared in the glands of a spider. It is flexible and lightweight. It is waterproof and has tensile strength similar to that of steel. It can be strained up to 40% of its original length, without breaking. It contains more than 98% water. Laboratory-based spider silk is prepared from hydrogel, which consists of 98% water & 2% of cellulose and silica. Silica & cellulose are held together by cucurbiturils. It can be made at room temperature without t use of chemical solvents, thus it is biodegradable and affordable. It is used to create webs & other structures for instance nets to catch prey, or cocoons to defend the offspring, or to wrap up its prey. It is also used for suspension or to float by the air and various others. Due to its far-fetched mechanical properties, it is used as a new biomaterial for drug delivery & tendon and ligament replacement or repair, as well as athletic gear, airbags, military applications, and tire cords. It finds huge application in the manufacture of bulletproof vests in defense industry. The most reasonable substitute for producing spider silk fibers is toutilize genomic engineering to produce the proteins in foreign host and then spin fibers from synthetic protein.
According to study, “World Synthetic Spider Silk Market Research Report 2024(covering USA, EU, China, South East Asia, Japan and etc)” the key companies operating in the world synthetic spider silk market are Bolt Threads, AMSilk, Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Spiber. Key companies are trying to develop multiple ways to manufacture the properties of spider silk with genetically modifying Escherichia coli bacteria, silkworms, plants, yeasts, and even goats.
Based on product type, synthetic spider silk market is segmented into genetically modified yeast fermentation, genetically modified E. coli fermentation, genetically modified silkworm and others. The genetically modified yeast fermentation segment holds major share in market owing to rise in demand from healthcare & textile industries. In addition, based on application, market is segmented into textile, automobile, military, healthcare and others. Textile industry is projected to witness lucrative growth due to extensive usage in manufacturing of sports apparel during the forecast period.
The synthetic spider silk market is driven by rise in technological development, followed by low prices & increase in consumer acceptance, growth in textile industry, rise in population & increase in disposable income and easy availability of raw materials. Moreover, growth in development of new manufacturing processes and rise in utilization of these fibers are key opportunities for market.
Based on geography, USA country holds major share, followed by EU in synthetic spider silk market owing to rise in demand from military &healthcare sectors in the country. China and Japan countries are expected to witness higher growth rate due to wide application in automotive industry such as in the manufacture of airbags over the forecast period. It is projected that the market will be reached at fast pace on account of rise in methods such as fermentation of yeast for commercial production of synthetic silk fibers during the forecast period.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications